Karakteristik Semen Ayam Kampung Yang Diberi Minyak Hati Ikan Kod Sebagai Feed Suplement

  • Khaeruddin Khaeruddin
  • Arismunandar Arismunandar
  • Nurda Nurda
Keywords: Cod liver oil, semen;free-range chicken

Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of cod liver oil (MHK) supplementation in the ration on the quality of native chicken spermatozoa. Eight native chickens are kept in individual cages which are given MHK treatment as much as 0.7% of the total ration. Two weeks of maintenance. Semen was collected before treatment and four weeks after treatment. The parameters observed were macroscopic and microscopic characteristics of fresh semen before and after treatment. The results showed there were no differences in semen volume, semen color, semen pH, semen consistency, spermatozoa motility, spermatozoa viability and spermatozoa abnormalities before and after treatment. However, mass movement and spermatozoa concentration decreased after MHK supplementation treatment. The conclusion of this study is MHK supplementation did not affect the general characteristics of semen with the exception of mass movement and concentration of native chicken spermatozoa.

References

Almahdi AB, Ondho YS, Sutopo. 2014. Comparative studies of semen quality on different breed of chicken in poultry breeding center Temanggung-Central Java. International Refereed Journal of Engineering and Science. 3(2): 94-103.

Ajayi FO, Agaviezor BO, Ebogomo D. 2014. Comparative studies of semen and hematology quality of Nigerian Indigenous and exotic chicken breeds in the humid tropical zone of Nigeria. Global Journal of Bio-Science and Biotechnology. 3(2): 164-168.

Ameen SA, Opayemi OS, Ajayi JA, Adediwura MA. 2014. Evaluation of semen quality of five different cockerel breed used in poultry industry in Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Issues and Agriculture in Developing Countries. 6(1): 30-36.

Adeoye GO, Oleforuh-Okoleh VU, Chukwuemeka UM. 2017. Influence of breed type and age on spermatological traits of Nigerian local chickens. Journal of Tropical Agriculture, Food, Environment and Extension. 16(1): 11-16.

Bennison, C, N. Hemmings, L. Brookes, J. Slate, and T. Birkhead. 2016. Sperm morphology, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) concentration and swimming velocity: unexpected relationships in a passerine bird. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 283(1837).

Bongalhardo DC, Leeson S, Buhr MM. 2009. Dietary lipids differentially affect membranes from different areas of rooster sperm. Poultry Science. 88 :1060–1069.

Borziak K, Álvarez-Fernández A, Karr TL, Pizzari T, Dorus S. 2016. The Seminal fluid proteome of the polyandrous Red junglefowl offers insights into the molecular basis of fertility, reproductive ageing and domestication. ScientificReports. 6:35864.


Cerolini S, Surai PF, Speake BK, Sparks NHC. 2005. Dietary fish and evening primrose oil with vitamin E effects on semen variables in cockerels. British Poultry Science. 46(2): 214–222.

Danang DR, Isnaini N, Trisunuwati P. 2012. Pengaruh lama simpan semen terhadap kualitas spermatozoa ayam kampung dalam pengencer ringer’s pada suhu 4⁰ C. Jurnal Ternak Tropika. 13(1): 47-57.

Dusso AS, Brown AJ, Slatopolsky E. 2005. Vitamin D. American Journal of Physiology-Renal Physiology. 289(1):8-28.

Ermayanti NGAM. 2016. Suplementasi minyak hati ikan kod pada pakan komersial untuk meningkatkan kesehatan dan performa reproduksi kelinci (Lepus sp.) jantan lokal. Disertasi. Denpasar (ID): Universitas Udayana,
Feng Y, Ding Y, Liu J, Tian Y, Yang Y, Guan S, Zhang C. 2015. Effects of dietary omega-3/omega-6 fatty acid ratios on reproduction in the young breeder rooster. BMC Veterinary Research. 11 (73): 1-7.

Feradis. 2010. Bioteknologi Reproduksi pada Ternak. Bandung (ID): Alfabeta.

Fitriyah A, Wihandoyo, Supadmo, Ismaya. 2008. Kadar Hormon Testosteron Plasma Darah dan Kualitas Spermatozoa Burung Puyuh (Coturnix coturnix japonica) setelah Diberi Minyak Ikan Lemuru dan Minyak Sawit. Animal Production. 10 (3): 157-163.

Hermiz HH, Shaker AS, Hasafa BMA, Al-Khatib TR, Sardary SY, toma JS. 2016 Evaluation semen characterization of roosters resulted from different local lines and their crosses with ISA Brown. International Journal of Agricultural Science. 1:7-14.

Hambu EK, Arifiantini RI, Purwantara B, Darwati S. 2016. Raw Semen Characteristics of Three Different Indonesian Local Roosters. Animal Production. 18(3):165-172.

Isnaeni M, Faidiban OR, Angelina N, Tethool. 2019. Konsentrasi dan motilitas spermatozoa ayam kampung (Gallus domesticus) dalam pengencer ringer laktat yang diberi tambahan minyak buah merah (Pandanus conoideus Lam). Jurnal Ilmu Peternakan dan Veteriner Tropis. 9(2): 44-49.

Jamieson, B. G. M. 2007 Avian spermatozoa: structure and phylogeny. Di dalam : Jamienson, B.G.M. (Ed). Reproductive Biology and Phylogeny of Birds. New Hamphshire (US) : Science Publishers.

Linday LA, Dolitsky JN, Shindledecker RD. 2004. Nutritional supplements as adjunctive therapy for children with chronic/recurrent sinusitis: pilot research. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. 68(6): 785-793.

Malik A, Shahdan M, Zakir MI, Sasongko N, Sakiman. 2018. Penambahan minyak ikan dalam pengencer skim milk-egg yolk terhadap motilitas dan abnormalitas ayam kampung pasca thawing. Jurnal Ilmu Ilmu Peternakan. 21(2) :55-69.

Murcahyana, Susilawati T, Isnaini N. 2016. Pengaruh pemberian ekstrak buah mengkudu (Morinda citrifolia) dalam larutan natrium klorida fisiologis sebagai bahan pengencer semen terhadap peningkatan kualitas spermatozoa ayam buras pada suhu ruang. Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan. 10 (2): 175-180.

Nugroho AP, Saleh DM. 2016. Motilitas dan abnormalitas spermatozoa ayam kampung dengan pengencer ringer laktat putih telur dan lama simpan pada suhu 5°C selam 48 jam. Acta Veterinaria Indonesia. 4 (1) : 35-41.

Nurcholis, R I Arifiantini, M Yamin. 2015. Pengaruh pakan limbah tauge dan suplementasi omega-3 terhadap produksi spermatozoa domba garut. Agricola. 5 (2) : 133-142.


Oh R. 2005. Practical applications of fish oil (Ω-3 fatty acids) in primary care. The Journal of the American Board of Family Practice. 18 (1) 28-36.

Olubowale OS, Greyling JPC, deWitt FH, Hugo A, Raito MB. 2014. Effects of dietary lipid sources on the semen quality of hy-line silver-brown cockerels. The Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences. 24(4): 991-997.

Perry JC, Sirot L, Wigby S. 2013. The seminal symphony: how to compose an ejaculate. Trends Ecol Evol. 28: 414-422.

Samadian F, Towhidi A, Rezayazdi K, Bahreini M. 2010. Effects of dietary n-3 fatty acids on characteristics and lipid composition of ovine sperm. Animal. 4(12): 2017-2022.

Sangani, A.K., A. A. Masoudi, and R. Vaez Torshizi. 2017. Association of mitochondrial function and sperm progressivity in slow- and fast-growing roosters. Poulty Science . 96:211–219.

Siddique RA, Gali JM, Kumar R, Kumar A, Malik PK, Kumar C, Atreja SK. 2011. Sperm abnormalities and DNA fragmentation vis-à-vis mammalian male fertility-a review. Wayamba Journal of Animal Science. First published. Number 1320125426.

Tarif AM, Uddin Bhuiyan MM, Ferdousy RN, Juyena NS, Mollah BR. 2013. Evaluation of semen quality among four chicken lines. Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science. 6(5): 7-13.

Ulus E, Kusumawati EK, Nugroho KT. 2019. Pengaruh pengencer dan lama simpan semen ayam kampung pada suhu ruang terhadap motilitas dan viabilitas spermatozoa. Jurnal Sains Peternakan. 7 (1) 29-40.

Wiyanti DC, Isnaini N, Trisunuwati P. 2013. Pengaruh lama simpan semen dalam pengencer NaCl fisiologis pada suhu kamar terhadap kualitas spermatozoa ayam kampung (Gallus domesticus). Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan. 7:53-55.

Woli SL, Kusumawati ED, Krisnaningsih ATN. 2017. Motilitas dan viabilitas spermatozoa ayam kampung pada suhu 5°C menggunakan pengencer dan lama simpan yang berbeda. Jurnal Sains Peternakan. 5(2): 138-144.

Yan L, Bai XL, Fang ZF, Che LQ, Xu SY, Wu D. 2013. Effect of different dietary omega-3/omega-6 fatty acid ratios on reproduction in male rats. Lipids in Health and Disease. 12:33.
Published
16-04-2020
How to Cite
Khaeruddin, K., Arismunandar, A., & Nurda, N. (2020). Karakteristik Semen Ayam Kampung Yang Diberi Minyak Hati Ikan Kod Sebagai Feed Suplement. Musamus Journal of Livestock Science, 3(1), 15-24. Retrieved from http://ejournal.unmus.ac.id/index.php/live/article/view/2949