The Analysis of Socio-Ecological System Resilience (SES) of Coastal Communities in Merauke and Naukenjerai Districts, Merauke-South Papua
The one community of people who are vulnerable to poverty in Merauke are people who live in coastal areas who depend on the availability of natural resources for their livelihoods, namely the ecology of coastal areas from fisheries and non-fishery sectors. Community behavior in an area can form new behaviors while still prioritizing local wisdom to maintain ecological, social and economic functions and improve community welfare. The aim of the research is to identify groups of community who are vulnerable to poverty in order to increase the socio-ecological resilience of communities in coastal areas by using a qualitative descriptive research approach using the case study method. The research was conducted on community groups in coastal areas, namely groups of traditional fishermen or small fishermen. The resilience analysis focuses on 4 community vulnerability indicators. The results of the study concluded that the fishermen group has a higher level of resilience to change and uncertainty compared to the farmer group and the service sector. Creating new sources of livelihood for people who are classified as vulnerable groups and restoring the biophysical functions of the coastal environment can increase the resilience of communities in coastal areas. To implement it, a real commitment from all parties is needed by involving coastal communities in planning, implementing and evaluating coastal area management systems to improve people's welfare in a sustainable manner.
Keywords: resilience, fishermen, coastal communities, socio-ecology
Armitage, D. (2005). Adaptive capacity and community-based natural resource management. Journal of Environmental Management, 35(6), 703–715. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-004-0076-z.
Aswani, S., Howard, J. A. E., Gasalla, M. A., Jennings, S., Malherbe, W., Martins, I. M., Salim, S. S., Putten, I. E. Van, Swathilekshmi, P. S., Narayanakumar, R., & Watmough, G. R. (2018). An integrated framework for assessing coastal community vulnerability across cultures, oceans and scales. Climate and Development, 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1080/17565529.2018.1442795.
BPS Kabupaten Merauke. (2020). Merauke Dalam Angka 2020. In Bps Kabupaten Merauke.
Cinner, J. E., Adger, W. N., Alliso, E. H., Barnes, M. L., Brown, K., Cohen, P. J., Gelcich, S., Hicks, C. C., Hughes, T. P., Lau, J., Marshall, N. A., & Morrison, T. H. (2018). Building adaptive capacity to climate change in tropical coastal communities. Nature Climate Change, 8(2), 117–123. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-017-0065-x
Creswell J W. (2009). RESEARCH DESIGN Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. In SAGE. https://doi.org/10.2307/1523157.
Cudney-Bueno, R., & Basurto, X. (2009). Lack of cross-scale linkages reduces robustness of community-based fisheries management. Journal of PLoS ONE, 4(7). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006253.
Darma, R., Zain, A. M. M., & Amandaria, R. (2012). Zakat, Local Social Organization, and Social Capital in Rural Economic Development. Sociology Studies 2(3): 189-197. 2(3).
Dewi, A. A. I. A. A. (2018). Model Pengelolaan Wilayah Pesisir berbasis Masyarakat: Community Based Development. Jurnal Penelitian Hukum DE JURE, 18(2), 163–182.
Folke, C., S, C., T, E., M, G., CS, H., B, W., Bengstsson, J., F, B., J, C., K, D., M, F., L, G., R, K., N, K., A, K., S, L., KG, M., F, M., L, O., … U, S. (2002). Resilience and Sustainable Development: Building Adaptive Capacity in A World of Transformation. Journal of the Human Environment, 31(5), 437–440.
Ichsan, A. C. (2018). Kajian kerentanan masyarakat pesisir terhadap dampak perubahan iklim di kabupaten lombok barat dengan menggunakan pendekatan partisipatif. Jurnal Belantara, 1(2), 67–76.
Imbanop, Y. P., Widiastuti, M. M. D., & Fachriza, R. (2019). Analisis kelayakan usaha penangkapan ikan pada musim peralihan oleh nelayan di kampung onggaya distrik naukenjerai kabupaten merauke. Musamus Journal of Agribussines, 1(2), 60–66. https://doi.org/10.35724/mujagri.v0i0.
Kearney, J., Berkes, F., Charles, A., Pinkerton, E., & Wiber, M. (2007). The role of participatory governance and community-based management in integrated coastal and ocean management in Canada. Journal of Coastal Management, 35(1), 79–104. https://doi.org/10.1080/10.1080/08920750600970511.
Koeshendrajana, S., Mira, Anna, Z., Nugroho, D., Muwamanah, U., & Sari, Y. D. (2018). Pella-Tomlinson Model for Red Snapper Management in Indonesia. J. Sosek KP, 13(2), 143–152.
Kurniasari, N. (2011). Kearifan Lokal masyarakat Lamalera: Sebuah Ekspresi Hubungan Manusia Dengan Laut. Buletin Riset Sosek Kelautan Dan Perikanan, 6(2), 29–33.
Leong, K. M., Wongbusarakum, S., Ingram, R. J., Mawyer, A., & Poe, M. (2019). Improving representation of human well-being and cultural importance in conceptualizing the West Hawai’i ecosystem. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6(APR), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00231.
Léopold, M., Beckensteiner, J., Kaltavara, J., Raubani, J., & Caillon, S. (2013). Community-based management of near-shore fisheries in vanuatu: What works? Journal of Marine Policy, 42, 167–176. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2013.02.013.
Lins-de-Barros, F. M. (2017). Integrated coastal vulnerability assessment: A methodology for coastal cities management integrating socioeconomic, physical and environmental dimensions—Case study of Região dos Lagos, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Ocean and Coastal Management, 149, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2017.09.007.
Mabon, L., Tung, N. S., Dung, N. T. K., Tram, P. T., Nga, C. T. T., Quynh, L. T., Trung, D. T., Thu, N. T. H., Nguyet, N. T. B., Ngoc, L. H., Tuyet, T. T., Tu, B. T. C., Anh, T. N., Muell, N., & Yuilla, C. (2018). Bringing social and cultural considerations into environmental management for vulnerable coastal communities: Responses to environmental change in Xuan Thuy National Park, Nam Dinh Province, Vietnam. Ocean and Coastal Management, 158(March), 32–44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2018.03.022.
Masozera, M. K., Alavalapati, J. R. R., Jacobson, S. K., & Shrestha, R. K. (2006). Assessing the suitability of community-based management for the Nyungwe Forest Reserve, Rwanda. Journal of Forest Policy and Economics, 8(2), 206–216. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2004.08.001.
Matthoriq, Suryadi, M. R. (2014). Aktualisasi Nilai Islam Dalam Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Pesisir ( Studi pada Masyarakat Bajulmati , Gajahrejo , Kecamatan Gedangan , Kabupaten Malang ). Jurnal Administrasi Publik, 2(3), 426–432.
Melgar-melgar, R. E., & Hall, C. A. S. (2020). Why ecological economics needs to return to its roots: The biophysical foundation of socio-economic systems. Jounal of Ecological Economics, 169(July 2019), 106567. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2019.106567.
Nagabhatla, N., T.Hung, N., Tuyen, L. T., Cam, V. T. N., Dhanraj, J., T.T, N., & Swierczek, F. W. (2019). Ecosystem-based approach for planning research and capacity development for integrated coastal zone management in Southeast Asia. APN Science Bulletin, 9(1), 3–9. https://doi.org/10.30852/sb.2019.537
Pomeroy, R. S. (1995). Community-based and co-management institutions for sustainable coastal fisheries management in Southeast Asia. Journal of Ocean and Coastal Management, 27(3), 143–162. https://doi.org/10.1016/0964-5691(95)00042-9.
Pomeroy, R. S., Oracion, E. G., Pollnac, R. B., & Caballes, D. A. (2005). Perceived economic factors influencing the sustainability of integrated coastal management projects in the Philippines. Journal of Ocean and Coastal Management, 48, 360–377. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2005.04.010.
Pricope, N. G., Halls, J. N., & Rosul, L. M. (2019). Modeling residential coastal flood vulnerability using finished-floor elevations and socio-economic characteristics. Journal of Environmental Management, 237(October 2018), 387–398. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.02.078.
Rachmadianti, A. D., Purwanti, F., & Latifah, N. (2018). Analisis Kerentanan Pantai Menggunakan Coastal Vulnerabillity Index (CVI) di Wilayah Pesisir Tanjung Pandan, Kabupaten Belitung. Journal of Maquares, 7(4), 298–306.
Copyright (c) 2023 Untari Untari
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
The authors who publish in Musamus Journal of Agribusiness (MUJAGRI) agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- This journal provides immediate open access to its content. All the articles are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
- Authors grant the journal right of (1) first publication and distribution of the article, (2) making it available to public, (3) public presentation.
- Authors have the right to enter into separate contractual arrangements for posting the article to an institutional repository or publish it in a book with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted to post citations from their work online (e.g. on their website) with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal